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Lohman v. Wagner
Maryland Court of Special Appeals
862 A.2d 1042 (2004)
John Wagner (defendant) agreed in principle to buy young weaner pigs from Charles Lohman (plaintiff). Lohman needed a draft contract he could show his banker to arrange financing. Wagner drew up a draft contract, which listed the services, such as housing and feeding, that Lohman would provide to prepare the pigs for sale at a price of $28 per pig. The draft left a blank line for the number of pigs Lohman would deliver each week. Wagner signed the draft and sent it to Lohman. Lohman completed the draft by writing 300 on the blank line, took the completed draft to his bank, and got his loan. However, Lohman never copied Wagner on the completed draft. Nevertheless, Lohman started delivering 300 pigs each week, for which Wagner paid $28 each. A few months later, Wagner told Lohman that the price needed to drop to $18 per pig. Lohman sued to enforce the higher price. The trial court ruled that (1) the Uniform Commercial Code (UCC) applied to the case, (2) the UCC included farm animals in its definition of goods, and (3) the lack of an agreed-upon quantity term made the purported contract unenforceable under the UCC. Lohman appealed to the Maryland Court of Special Appeals. On appeal, Lohman contended that the contract was for the provision of services rather than the sale of goods and that, therefore, the UCC did not apply to the contract.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Meredith, J.)
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