Lone Wolf v. Hitchcock
United States Supreme Court
187 U.S. 553 (1903)
In 1892, three Indian tribes, the Kiowas, Comanches, and Apaches, signed a treaty with the United States government. The government sought a treaty that would reduce the size of the existing Indian reservations so that some of the land could be allocated to whites and other non-Indians. As part of this new treaty, each member of the three tribes would receive 160 acres of land. The remaining land, almost 3 million acres, would be purchased by the government for $2 million and allocated to non-Indians. During the course of negotiating this treaty, the leaders of the three tribes made several recommendations and changes to the proposed treaty. Although representatives of the United States said that they would include these changes in the treaty, the representatives did not do so. After learning of this, the Kiowa, Comanche, and Apache leaders objected to the ratification of the treaty. One of the leaders, Lone Wolf (plaintiff), sued the U.S. secretary of the interior (defendant) to prevent the enforcement of the bill meant to ratify the treaty. Lone Wolf argued that the new treaty constituted an unconstitutional taking of Indian land under the Fifth Amendment. The district court denied Lone Wolf’s request to stop the bill in Congress, and the court of appeals denied Lone Wolf’s appeal. Lone Wolf appealed to the United States Supreme Court.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (White, J.)
Concurrence (Harlan, J.)
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 97,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.
Here's why 176,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 14,000 briefs, keyed to 188 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.