Los Angeles County Flood Control District v. Natural Resources Defense Council, Inc.
United States Supreme Court
568 U.S. 78, 133 S.Ct. 710 (2013)
The Los Angeles County Flood Control District (the District) (defendant) operated a municipal separate storm sewer system, known as an MS4, that collected, transported, and discharged storm water from concrete-lined sections of the Los Angeles and San Gabriel Rivers to un-lined, natural sections of the same waterways. Because storm water is often polluted, the District had obtained the required permits pursuant to the Clean Water Act (CWA) before discharging the storm water. The Natural Resources Defense Council, Inc. (NRDC) and the Santa Monica Baykeeper (plaintiffs) filed suit in federal district court claiming the District had repeatedly violated its permit by allowing water-quality standards to be exceeded. The district court granted summary judgment to the District. Plaintiffs appealed. The court of appeals reversed and concluded that a “discharge of a pollutant” under the CWA occurred when the water detected at upstream monitoring stations flowed out of the concrete channels and into un-lined portions of the same waterway. The District appealed. The U.S. Supreme Court granted certiorari to review.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Ginsburg, J.)
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 724,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Berkeley, and Northwestern—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students.Unlock this case briefRead our student testimonials
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students.Learn about our approachRead more about Quimbee
Here's why 724,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 45,600 briefs, keyed to 983 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.