Lozano v. Montoya Alvarez

572 U.S. 1 (2014)

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Lozano v. Montoya Alvarez

United States Supreme Court
572 U.S. 1 (2014)

Facts

In 2005, Diana Montoya Alvarez (defendant) and Manuel Lozano (plaintiff) had a child together in London, England. Lozano regularly exercised his custodial rights. In 2008, Alvarez left the child with Lozano while she visited family in New York. When Alvarez returned to London, the child appeared frightened of Lozano. Suspecting Lozano had abused the child, Alvarez took the child to New York the next day without informing Lozano. More than 16 months later, Lozano filed a petition in New York federal district court to return the child to England pursuant to the Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction (Hague Convention) and the International Child Abduction Remedies Act (ICARA). Although the Hague Convention only required the automatic repatriation of children within the first year following an abduction, Lozano argued the one-year limit should be equitably tolled because Alvarez had concealed the child’s location from him. The district court upheld the one-year limit and denied the petition, holding that the child had settled in New York and that repatriating her to England would be disruptive. Lozano appealed, and both the Second Circuit and the New York Court of Appeals affirmed. Lozano appealed to the United States Supreme Court.

Rule of Law

Issue

Holding and Reasoning (Thomas, J.)

Concurrence (Alito, J.)

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