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Lynch v. Commissioner

801 F.2d 1176 (1986)

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Lynch v. Commissioner

United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit

801 F.2d 1176 (1986)

Facts

William Lynch (William) (plaintiff) owned all outstanding stock in his corporation, W.M. Lynch Co. At some point, wishing to transfer control and ownership of the company, William sold 50 shares of stock to his son, Gilbert. William resigned in his official roles with the company at the time of this sale. Two weeks after the sale, the corporation redeemed all 2,300 shares of William’s outstanding stock. William received cash and a promissory note in exchange for his stock. On the same day, William entered into a consulting agreement with the corporation because Gilbert wished to retain his father’s technical expertise. The agreement provided William with payments of $500 per month (later reduced to $250) for five years plus reimbursement of expenses. William continued to share his former office with Gilbert. William continued to visit the office daily for one year and after that, once or twice a week. William also remained covered by the corporation’s group medical insurance policy after the redemption. The tax court held that the corporate redemption of the taxpayer’s stock was a sale or exchange subject to capital-gains treatment. The commissioner of the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) (defendant) argued that the taxpayer held a prohibited interest in the corporation after redemption and that the transaction should be taxed as ordinary income as a dividend distribution. The commissioner appealed the tax-court decision to the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit.

Rule of Law

Issue

Holding and Reasoning (Hall, J.)

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