United States Supreme Court
5 U.S. (Cranch 1) 137 (1803)
William Marbury (plaintiff) was appointed Justice of the Peace of the District of Columbia by President John Adams at the close of Adams’ presidency. When the new president, Thomas Jefferson, assumed office, he refused to fully finalize Adams’ appointments of Marbury and several other appointees. Relying on Section 13 of the Judiciary Act of 1789, Marbury then brought an action in the United States Supreme Court against James Madison (defendant), Thomas Jefferson’s Secretary of State, seeking a writ of mandamus to compel him to finalize Marbury’s political appointment.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Marshall, C.J.)
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