Logourl black
From our private database of 13,700+ case briefs...

Martin v. Peyton

Court of Appeals of New York
158 N.E. 77 (1927)


Facts

The brokerage firm of Knauth, Nachod & Kuhne (KN&K) made a series of bad investments, which resulted in the firm suffering severe financial difficulties. In order to save KN&K, one of its partners, Hall, entered into a transaction with Peyton (defendant) and other persons (lenders) for a loan of $2,500,000 worth of securities to KN&K. In return for the loan, the lenders were to receive 40 percent of KN&K’s profits until the debt was repaid. The transaction was based on three documents: an agreement, indenture, and option. The agreement provided that: (1) two of the lenders were appointed “trustees” who were to be informed of transactions affecting them, paid dividends and income from those transactions, had the power to buy and sell their loaned securities and substitute those securities with those of equal value, but could not commingle those securities with KN&K’s other securities, and were required to keep the securities valued at a certain level; (2) Hall was given the power of directing the management of KN&K until the loan was repaid, and his life was to be insured for $100,000 with the insurance policies given to the trustees as additional collateral; (3) the trustees were to be kept informed of the important matters of KN&K’s business, could inspect the books, and had the power to veto certain business decisions that could affect their collateral; and (4) each KN&K member was to assign their interest in the firm to the trustees, member could receive a loan from KN&K, the members’ draw amount was fixed, and no other distribution of profits could be made. The indenture was basically a mortgage on the collateral delivered by KN&K to the trustees. The option: (1) gave the lenders the opportunity to buy into KN&K by buying 50% or less of the members’ interest at a listed price; (2) enabled the formation of a corporation to replace KN&K if its members and lenders agreed; and (3) provided for the resignation of any KN&K member at the demand of Hall. Martin (plaintiff), a creditor of KN&K, sued the lenders, claiming that their transaction with KN&K, as illustrated by the agreement, indenture, and option, made them partners in that firm and thereby liable for KN&K’s debts. The trial court held that the lenders were not partners of KN&K.

Rule of Law

The rule of law is the black letter law upon which the court rested its decision. To access this section, start your 7-day free trial of Quimbee for Law Students.

Issue

The issue section includes the dispositive legal issue in the case phrased as a question. To access this section, start your 7-day free trial of Quimbee for Law Students.

Holding and Reasoning (Andrews, J. )

The holding and reasoning section includes:

  • A “yes” or “no” answer to the question framed in the issue section;
  • A summary of the majority or plurality opinion, using the CREAC method; and
  • The procedural disposition (e.g. reversed and remanded, affirmed, etc.).

To access this section, start your 7-day free trial of Quimbee for Law Students.

What to do next…

  1. Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.

    You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 97,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.

  2. Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.

    Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.

Here's why 159,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:

  • Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 13,700 briefs, keyed to 186 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
  • The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
  • Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
  • Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.