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Mathews v. Diaz

United States Supreme Court
426 U.S. 67 (1976)


Facts

Diaz, Clara, and Espinosa (plaintiffs) all lawfully entered the United States. Espinosa is a permanent resident while Diaz and Clara remain in the country at the discretion of the Attorney General. They are all greater than 65 years of age and have been denied enrollment in the federal Medicare Part B medical insurance program. They sued in federal district court, alleging that the program’s requirements of permanent resident status and five years of residency in the United States are unconstitutional. The district court held that the requirements were unconstitutional because they were not rationally based and free from invidious discrimination and therefore violated the Fifth Amendment’s due process requirement. The government appealed and the Supreme Court granted certiorari. 

Rule of Law

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Issue

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Holding and Reasoning (Stevens, J.)

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  • A "yes" or "no" answer to the question framed in the issue section;
  • A summary of the majority or plurality opinion, using the CREAC method; and
  • The procedural disposition (e.g. reversed and remanded, affirmed, etc.).

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