Matter of M-E-V-G
Board of Immigration Appeals
26 I. & N. Dec. 227 (2014)
MEVG (defendant), a native of Honduras, applied for asylum in the United States. MEVG claimed that he had suffered persecution by a Honduran gang because MEVG belonged to a youth group that refused to join gangs. The Immigration Judge denied his application, and the Board of Immigration Appeals (the Board) (plaintiff) affirmed. The Third Circuit granted MEVG’s petition for review, then remanded the case for further consideration of arguments regarding membership in a particular social group. On remand, the Board held that MEVG did not establish persecution “on account of a protected ground” and that he did not show that his proposed social group possessed the required elements of “particularity” and “social visibility.” To establish an asylum claim under § 101(a)(42) of the Immigration and Nationality Act, an applicant must demonstrate that he suffered persecution on account of “[…] membership in a particular social group […].” The phrase “membership in a particular social group” is not defined. The Board first interpreted the term “particular social group” in Matter of Acosta, 19 I. & N. Dec. 211 (1985). There, the Board held that the group in question must share a common, immutable characteristic to be deemed a particular social group. After Acosta, the Board refined the definition to include the concepts of “social visibility” and “particularity.” However, here, the Third Circuit remanded MEVG’s case, ruling that the Board had not articulated a reason for these stated requirements of particularity and social visibility, but nevertheless advised that the Board may add to or alter its definition of “particular social group.”
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Guendelsberger, Board Member)
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