Medcalf (plaintiff) was visiting a friend who lived in a building owned by Washington Heights (defendant). Medcalf called her friend by using the intercom system outside the door to the building. Medcalf’s friend tried to let her in, but the electronic buzzer system was broken. While Medcalf waited outside the building for her friend to let her in, a man attacked her, causing Medcalf injuries. Medcalf brought a negligence claim against Washington Heights, claiming that its negligent maintenance of its buzzer system caused her injuries from the attack. The trial court denied Washington Heights’ motion for a directed verdict and the jury found for the plaintiff.