Midway Manufacturing Co. v. Artic International, Inc.

704 F.2d 1009 (1983)

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Midway Manufacturing Co. v. Artic International, Inc.

United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit
704 F.2d 1009 (1983)

Facts

Midway Manufacturing Company (Midway) (plaintiff) manufactured video-game machines, including those for its copyrighted Pac-Man and Galaxian games. Artic International, Inc. (Artic) (defendant) manufactured and sold printed circuit boards installable within Pac-Man and Galaxian video-game machines. Artic’s circuit boards sped up the rate of play of those games, specifically speeding up the rate at which images and sounds would change. The sounds themselves, however, were the same as the sounds for the original games. Midway sued Artic for copyright infringement and moved for a preliminary injunction. The district court granted Midway’s motion. Artic appealed. On appeal, the Seventh Circuit considered whether the speeded-up versions of Pac-Man and Galaxian were unauthorized derivative works that would subject Artic to liability for contributory copyright infringement.

Rule of Law

Issue

Holding and Reasoning (Cummings, J.)

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