Mills v. Duryee

11 U.S. 481, 7 Cranch 481 (1813)

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Mills v. Duryee

United States Supreme Court
11 U.S. 481, 7 Cranch 481 (1813)

Facts

Duryee (plaintiff) obtained a money judgment against Mills (defendant) in New York state court, which Duryee sought to collect via a suit in the District of Columbia (D.C.) circuit court. Per Duryee, the Full Faith and Credit Clause of the United States Constitution required the D.C. court to enforce his New York judgment, which Duryee submitted to the D.C. court pursuant to a federal statute that provided for the authentication of state-court judgments. Duryee contended that under the statute, the New York judgment conclusively established Mills’s obligation to pay. Mills disagreed, arguing that the New York judgment merely was evidence that supported Duryee’s claim but that Mills could rebut that evidence. The court of appeals ruled that the federal statute established the New York judgment as conclusive proof of Mills’s debt under the Full Faith and Credit Clause. Mills appealed.

Rule of Law

Issue

Holding and Reasoning (Story, J.)

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