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Minnesota v. Olson
United States Supreme Court
495 U.S. 91 (1990)
Robert Olson (defendant) was the suspected getaway driver in a gas-station robbery and murder. Based on a series of credible tips, Minnesota (plaintiff) police tracked Olson to the upper unit of a duplex where he was staying as a houseguest. A probable-cause “arrest bulletin” had been issued for Olson’s arrest, but police did not have an arrest warrant. After speaking to the woman who lived in the unit and concluding that Olson was inside, police entered the unit without permission and found Olson hiding in a closet. Olson was arrested and taken to police headquarters, where he made a self-incriminating statement. At trial, Olson moved to suppress the statement, arguing that his arrest was illegal and thus his statement was tainted. Olson’s motion was denied, and he was convicted on one count of first-degree murder, three counts of robbery, and three counts of second-degree assault. On appeal, the Minnesota Supreme Court ruled that the warrantless arrest had been illegal and that therefore Olson’s statement was tainted and should have been suppressed. The United States Supreme Court granted certiorari.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (White, J.)
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