Quimbee logo
DMCA.com Protection Status

National Education Association v. South Carolina

434 U.S. 1026, 98 S. Ct. 756, 54 L. Ed. 2d 775 (1978)

Case BriefRelatedOptions
From our private database of 28,700+ case briefs...

National Education Association v. South Carolina

United States Supreme Court

434 U.S. 1026, 98 S. Ct. 756, 54 L. Ed. 2d 775 (1978)

Facts

The State of South Carolina (the state) (defendant) used scores from the National Teacher Examinations (NTE) in hiring, certifying, classifying, and paying teachers. Only two other states used the NTE for certifying teachers, and no other states used the NTE to determine teachers’ compensation. Moreover, the authors of the NTE advised against using the NTE as the only criteria for teacher certification and advised against using the NTE to determine compensation for experienced teachers. The United States and other individuals and entities including the National Education Association (plaintiffs) sued the state, alleging that the use of the NTE scores disadvantaged Black teachers in violation of the United States Constitution and Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (Title VII). The state commissioned a study to validate the NTE by comparing the content of the NTE to the content of the state’s teacher-training curriculum. Based on the results of the study, the state issued new minimum-score requirements to be used in hiring and certification decisions. However, the revised score requirements disqualified 83 percent of Black teaching applicants compared to only 17.5 percent of White teaching applicants. The score requirements also resulted in 96 percent of newly certified teachers being White teachers and resulted in a greater percentage of Black teachers being placed in lower-paying classifications. A three-judge panel of the district court found that the content-validation study was sufficient to validate the NTE and that it was not necessary to validate the NTE by comparing teachers’ NTE scores to their job performance. Accordingly, the district court held that the state had justified its use of the NTE despite the tests’ disparate racial impact. The National Education Association and other plaintiffs appealed directly to the United States Supreme Court.

Rule of Law

Issue

Holding and Reasoning

Dissent (White, J.)

What to do next…

  1. Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.

    You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 546,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Berkeley, and Northwestern—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students.

    Unlock this case briefRead our student testimonials
  2. Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.

    Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students.

    Learn about our approachRead more about Quimbee

Here's why 546,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:

  • Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 28,700 briefs, keyed to 983 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
  • The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
  • Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
  • Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.

Access this case brief for FREE

With a 7-day free trial membership
Here's why 546,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
  • Reliable - written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students
  • The right length and amount of information - includes the facts, issue, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents
  • Access in your class - works on your mobile and tablet
  • 28,700 briefs - keyed to 983 casebooks
  • Uniform format for every case brief
  • Written in plain English - not in legalese and not just repeating the court's language
  • Massive library of related video lessons - and practice questions
  • Top-notch customer support

Access this case brief for FREE

With a 7-day free trial membership