National Federation of Independent Business v. Sebelius
United States Supreme Court
132 S.Ct. 2566 (2012)
The National Federation of Independent Business, 26 states, and a number of individuals and businesses (plaintiffs) filed suit in several different federal district courts against Kathleen Sebelius, Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services and others (defendants) challenging the constitutionality of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 (the Act) enacted by Congress. Specifically, the plaintiffs claimed that two provisions of the Act, the individual mandate, which required U.S. citizens to pay a penalty if they did not purchase a health insurance policy, and the Medicaid expansion provision, which required the states to greatly expand the pool or risk losing their existing federal funds, were unconstitutional. The several district courts reached different conclusions. The U.S. District Court for Northern District of Florida held in favor of the plaintiffs and struck down the Act in its entirety. The Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit affirmed in part and reversed in part, concluding that the individual mandate was unconstitutional but severable from the rest of the Act. The U.S. Supreme Court granted certiorari to review and to resolve the split among the appellate courts.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Roberts, C.J.)
Concurrence/Dissent (Ginsburg, J.)
Dissent (Scalia, J.)
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