From our private database of 35,400+ case briefs...
National Independent Coal Operators’ Association v. Kleppe
United States Supreme Court
423 U.S. 388 (1976)
The Federal Coal Mine Health and Safety Act set forth health and safety standards for the protection of coal miners. Under the Act, the Secretary of the Interior (defendant) assessed and collected civil penalties against mine operators who violated provisions of the Act. Pursuant to the Secretary’s regulations, assessment officers assessed penalties based on notices of violations issued by mine inspectors. Upon receiving a proposed assessment, mine operators had fifteen working days to protest the proposed assessment and request adjudication. If the mine operator failed to protest, the Act deemed the mine operator to have waived the right to formal adjudication and the proposed assessment became the Secretary’s final assessment. A group of mine operators (plaintiffs) challenged the Secretary’s regulations, arguing the Act required the Secretary to make a formal decision incorporating findings of fact before assessing a penalty, regardless of whether a hearing was requested.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Burger, C.J.)
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 617,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Berkeley, and Northwestern—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students.Unlock this case briefRead our student testimonials
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students.Learn about our approachRead more about Quimbee
Here's why 617,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 35,400 briefs, keyed to 984 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.