Quimbee logo
DMCA.com Protection Status
From our private database of 19,800+ case briefs...

National Organization for Women, Inc. v. Scheidler

United States Supreme Court
510 U.S. 249 (1994)


The National Organization for Women, Inc. (NOW) (plaintiff) is a nonprofit organization that supports the right to obtain an abortion. Joseph Scheidler and the Pro-Life Action Network (PLAN) (defendants) are part of an association of groups and individuals that opposes abortion. NOW, together with two clinics that offer abortion services, sued Scheidler and PLAN in the United States District Court for the Northern District of Illinois based on the conduct of antiabortion protesters at the clinics. NOW alleged that Scheidler and PLAN conspired to shut down the clinics and prevent abortions through the threat of force, actual force, and fear. Specifically, NOW contended that PLAN constituted a racketeering enterprise within the meaning of § 1962(c) of the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations (RICO) Act. The district court dismissed the case. The court of appeals affirmed, holding that the term enterprise under § 1962(c) required proof of an economic motive and that because PLAN had no such motive, it was not an enterprise under § 1962(c). Certiorari was granted.

Rule of Law


Holding and Reasoning (Rehnquist, C.J.)

What to do next…

  1. Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.

    You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 510,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.

  2. Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.

    Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.

Here's why 510,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:

  • Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 19,800 briefs, keyed to 985 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
  • The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
  • Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
  • Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.

Questions & Answers

Have a question about this case?

Sign up for a free 7-day trial and ask it

Sign up for a FREE 7-day trial