National Treasury Employees Union v. Von Raab
United States Supreme Court
489 U.S. 656 (1989)
The United States Customs Service (the Service) was a federal agency charged with protecting the borders of the United States. In May 1986, William von Raab (defendant), the commissioner of the Service, implemented a new drug-testing program. This program made successful drug testing a condition of promotion for employees seeking to be promoted to three categories of positions: (1) positions directly involved with the interdiction of illegal drugs, (2) positions requiring the carrying of firearms in the line of duty, and (3) positions with access to classified material. Under the program, an employee who tested positive without a legitimate explanation was subject to dismissal. The National Treasury Employees Union (plaintiff) challenged the drug-testing program on the ground that the program violated the Fourth Amendment. The district court enjoined the program, and the court of appeals vacated the injunction. The United States Supreme Court granted certiorari.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Kennedy, J.)
Dissent (Scalia, J.)
Dissent (Marshall, J.)
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 724,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Berkeley, and Northwestern—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students.Unlock this case briefRead our student testimonials
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students.Learn about our approachRead more about Quimbee
Here's why 724,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 45,600 briefs, keyed to 983 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.