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Northern Pipeline Co. v. Marathon Pipe Line Co.

United States Supreme Court
458 U.S. 50 (1982)


Facts

Congress enacted the Bankruptcy Reform Act of 1978 (the act) to create new federal bankruptcy courts. Under the act, bankruptcy judges would be appointed for 14-year terms. Those judges could only be removed from their terms for limited reasons. However, the act did not protect against salary decreases. The act also granted the bankruptcy courts plenary jurisdiction over both federal regulatory claims and state law claims, including contract disputes. The act’s constitutionality was addressed by the United States Supreme Court.

Rule of Law

The rule of law is the black letter law upon which the court rested its decision.

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Issue

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Holding and Reasoning (Brennan, J.)

The holding and reasoning section includes:

  • A “yes” or “no” answer to the question framed in the issue section;
  • A summary of the majority or plurality opinion, using the CREAC method; and
  • The procedural disposition (e.g. reversed and remanded, affirmed, etc.).

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Concurrence (Rehnquist, J.)

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