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Norwood v. Harrison

United States Supreme Court
413 U.S. 455 (1973)


Facts

The Norwoods (plaintiffs) were parents of four schoolchildren in Mississippi who filed a class action on behalf of students throughout Mississippi to challenge the constitutionality of a state textbook lending program. The program was established by Mississippi statute and required the state to purchase textbooks and lend them to students in both public and private schools without regard to whether any participating private school had racially discriminatory policies. The Norwood class action suit targeted Harrison (defendant), the Mississippi official tasked with administering the program, and other private school officials. A three-judge district court sustained the validity of the program, and the Norwoods appealed to the United States Supreme Court.

Rule of Law

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Issue

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Holding and Reasoning (Burger, C.J.)

The holding and reasoning section includes:

  • A “yes” or “no” answer to the question framed in the issue section;
  • A summary of the majority or plurality opinion, using the CREAC method; and
  • The procedural disposition (e.g. reversed and remanded, affirmed, etc.).

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