In March 2010, Darius Clark (defendant) dropped off L.P., his three–year–old son, at preschool. L.P.’s teachers noticed that one of L.P.’s eyes was bloodshot, and uncovered more bruises on his body. The teachers asked L.P. who had done this to him. L.P. implicated that Clark was his abuser. Clark was indicted of several counts of child abuse by a grand jury. At trial, L.P.’s statements to his teachers were introduced into evidence. L.P. himself was barred from testifying under Ohio state law, which deemed him incompetent to testify. Clark moved to exclude the statements based on the Confrontation Clause. The trial court denied the motion, finding that L.P.’s statements were not testimonial. The jury convicted Clark. Clark appealed, and the court of appeals reversed. The Supreme Court of Ohio affirmed. The United States Supreme Court granted certiorari.