Logourl black
From our private database of 13,800+ case briefs...

Oliver v. United States

United States Supreme Court
466 U.S. 170 (1984)


Facts

Two Kentucky State Police Officers went to a farm owned by Oliver (defendant) to investigate claims that marihuana was being grown on the property. View of the property was obstructed by fences and woods, the entrance to the property was gated and locked, and “No Trespassing” signs were posted. The officers did not have a search warrant or probable cause for a search. The officers discovered the field of marihuana more than a mile from Oliver’s house. Oliver was arrested for the manufacture of a controlled substance. The district court held a pretrial hearing to determine whether to allow evidence of the discovery of the field to be presented at trial. The court held that Oliver had a reasonable expectation of privacy because his farm was not an “open” field and suppressed the evidence based on Katz v. United States, 389 U.S. 347 (1967). Sitting en banc, the Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit reversed on the grounds that Katz did not undermine the “open fields” doctrine from Hester v. United States, 265 U.S. 57 (1924), allowing police to search fields without a warrant.

Rule of Law

The rule of law is the black letter law upon which the court rested its decision. To access this section, start your 7-day free trial of Quimbee for Law Students.

Issue

The issue section includes the dispositive legal issue in the case phrased as a question. To access this section, start your 7-day free trial of Quimbee for Law Students.

Holding and Reasoning (Powell, J.)

The holding and reasoning section includes:

  • A “yes” or “no” answer to the question framed in the issue section;
  • A summary of the majority or plurality opinion, using the CREAC method; and
  • The procedural disposition (e.g. reversed and remanded, affirmed, etc.).

To access this section, start your 7-day free trial of Quimbee for Law Students.

Dissent (Marshall, J.)

The dissent section is for members only and includes a summary of the dissenting judge or justice’s opinion. To access this section, start your 7-day free trial of Quimbee for Law Students.

What to do next…

  1. Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.

    You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 97,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.

  2. Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.

    Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.

Here's why 168,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:

  • Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 13,800 briefs, keyed to 187 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
  • The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
  • Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
  • Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.