Ozaki v. Association of Apartment Owners of Discovery Bay
Supreme Court of Hawai’i
954 P.2d 644 (1998)
Cynthia Dennis lived in the Discovery Bay condominium complex (defendant). Peter Sataraka (defendant) convinced the Discovery Bay security guard to let him into the complex. While inside the complex, Sataraka followed Dennis into her apartment and killed her. A jury convicted Sataraka of murder. Dennis’s mother and sister (plaintiffs) brought suit against Discovery Bay and Sataraka. A jury found that Discovery Bay’s and Dennis’s negligence contributed to Dennis’s death. The jury apportioned 92 percent of the fault to Sataraka’s intentional conduct, five percent to Dennis’s negligent conduct, and three percent to Discovery Bay’s negligent conduct. Discovery Bay moved for entry of final judgment in its favor based on a contributory-negligence state law stating that if the negligence apportioned to the victim was greater than the negligence of the defendant(s), judgment would be entered for the defendant(s). The court of appeals reversed, holding Discovery Bay jointly and severally liable for 95 percent of the fault. The court of appeals held that the state law applied only in cases based entirely in negligence. Because of Sataraka’s intentional tort in this case, the court of appeals found the state law shielding Discovery Bay from liability to be inapplicable, thus invoking the state’s pure-comparative-negligence standard. The Supreme Court of Hawai’i granted certiorari.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Levinson, J.)
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 97,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.
Here's why 175,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 14,000 briefs, keyed to 188 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.