Parate v. Isibor
United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit
868 F.2d 821 (1989)
Parate (plaintiff) was an untenured professor in the Civil Engineering Department at Tennessee State University (TSU). Parate had two students, Student X and Student Y, in his class that received a letter grade of “B,” and had each requested that their grade be changed to an “A.” Parate agreed to change Student X’s grade to an “A” due to the student’s extenuating circumstances but refused to change Student Y’s grade. Student Y then contacted the Dean of the School of Engineering and Technology, Isibor (defendant), with whom Student Y shared a Nigerian background. Isibor instructed Parate to change Student Y’s grade to an “A.” Over the next two years, Isibor retaliated against Parate in a variety of ways, and subsequently, Parate’s contract to teach at TSU was not renewed. Parate filed a lawsuit against Isibor and other administrators of TSU, alleging that his First and Fourteenth Amendment rights had been violated. The district court granted summary judgment in favor of Isibor and dismissed Parate’s claims. Parate appealed.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Keith, J.)
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