Quimbee logo with url
From our private database of 14,500+ case briefs...

Patents for MPEG-2 Technology

United States Department of Justice
1997 WL 356954


MPEG-2 was a video-compression technology used as an international standard. Compliance with the MPEG-2 standard required the use of several patented technologies used in combination with each other. The owners of the patents to those technologies (owners) agreed to combine their patents into a single patent pool. Under the agreement, an administrator, MPEG LA, L.L.C. (administrator), would grant non-discriminatory licenses to use the patented technology, collect royalties, and distribute the royalties among the owners. The agreement contained a “most-favored-nation” clause to ensure that royalty rates were nondiscriminatory. A grant-back provision required a licensee of any patent essential to the standard to grant that license to other licensees and any of the owners. An independent expert continually reviewed the standard to ensure that it kept up with technological developments so as to hold only essential patents. The agreement also provided that while the administrator could only license the entire portfolio, the individual owners could license their patents separately. Licensees were free to create alternative technologies that could compete with the patented technologies. The owners requested a business review letter from the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ), stating the DOJ’s intentions with respect to antitrust enforcement of the agreement.

Rule of Law


Holding and Reasoning (Klein, AAG)

What to do next…

  1. Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.

    You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 97,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.

  2. Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.

    Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.

Here's why 263,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:

  • Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 14,500 briefs, keyed to 196 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
  • The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
  • Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
  • Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.