People v. Aiken
New York Court of Appeals
828 N.E.2d 74 (2005)
Aiken (defendant) and his neighbor had lived in the same Bronx apartment building for nearly 40 years. Until 1995, the two had been friendly and close. After that, however, the neighbors had a falling out. After one heated verbal exchange between Aiken and the neighbor in 1997, the neighbor stabbed Aiken in the back, hospitalizing him for two days. Thereafter, the neighbor repeatedly threatened to shoot, stab, or otherwise injure Aiken. After arguing through a shared bedroom wall one evening, Aiken took a metal pipe and knocked an indentation into his side of the wall. The neighbor then left his apartment to open the apartment building’s front door for police. When the neighbor came back down the shared, common hallway, he encountered Aiken who stood in his apartment doorway, still holding the metal pipe. The neighbor went up closely to Aiken and said he was going to kill him. Believing he was about to be stabbed again, Aiken struck the neighbor on the head and killed him. Aiken was charged with murder. At trial, defense counsel requested that the court instruct the jury that a defendant has no duty to retreat into his home if he is in close proximity to the threshold of the home. The court denied the request and the jury convicted Aiken on a lesser charge first-degree manslaughter. Aiken appealed and the Appellate Division affirmed the conviction. The New York Court of Appeals granted certiorari to review.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Kaye, C.J.)
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 97,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.
Here's why 166,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 13,800 briefs, keyed to 187 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.