Plotnick v. Pennsylvania Smelting & Refining Co.
United States Court of Appeals, Third Circuit
194 F.2d 859 (1952)
Plotnick (plaintiff), a Canadian seller of lead, entered an installment contract to provide 200 tons of lead to Pennsylvania Smelting & Refining Co. (Pennsylvania) (defendant), a Pennsylvania company, at 8.1 cents per pound. Plotnick was to deliver the lead through several shipments. Pennsylvania agreed to pay Plotnick at least 63 percent of the value of each shipment shortly after the shipment was delivered. After Plotnick and Pennsylvania entered the contract, the market price of lead rose to over 11 cents per pound. Pennsylvania’s need for lead also greatly increased. Plotnick delivered the first two shipments on time, and Pennsylvania paid 75 percent of the shipments’ value without issue. Plotnick was supposed to deliver 290,000 pounds of lead in the third shipment, but only delivered 43,000 pounds. This amount was significantly below Pennsylvania’s requirements. Pennsylvania urgently demanded that Plotnick deliver the remaining lead and refused to pay Plotnick for the third shipment until the rest of the 290,000 pounds of lead was delivered. Plotnick refused to deliver additional lead until it received Pennsylvania’s payment for the third shipment. The parties argued back and forth for several months on this issue. Plotnick ultimately refused to deliver the lead and brought suit in federal district court against Pennsylvania seeking damages for the value of the third shipment. Pennsylvania counterclaimed for damages on the ground that Plotnick breached the contract by failing to deliver the additional lead. The trial court entered judgment for Pennsylvania, and Plotnick appealed.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Hastie, J.)
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 97,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.
Here's why 154,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 13,500 briefs, keyed to 184 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.