United States Supreme Court
367 U.S. 497 (1961)
lawsuit against Ullman (defendant), attorney for the State of Connecticut,
combined three separate actions, each challenging the constitutionality of
Connecticut state statutes that prevented the use of contraceptive devices,
even by married couples, and the giving of medical advice in the use of such
devices. The first suit was brought by Paul and Pauline Poe (plaintiffs), a
married couple that had experienced three pregnancies resulting in children
born with severe birth defects, which caused severe physical and emotional
trauma to the plaintiffs. The Poes consulted with Dr. Buxton who suggested the
use of contraceptive devices to prevent future pregnancies. The second suit was
brought by Jane Doe (plaintiff), a married woman whose previous pregnancy had
caused her extreme physical illness. She also consulted with Dr. Buxton, who
recommended that she use contraception. The third suit was brought by Dr.
Buxton (plaintiff), who sought declaratory relief on the grounds that the
Connecticut statutes deprived him of his liberty and property. The Connecticut
Court of Errors dismissed the case. Plaintiffs appealed to the United States
Supreme Court seeking declaratory relief.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Frankfurter, J.)
Concurrence (Brennan, J.)
Dissent (Douglas, J.)
Dissent (Harlan, J.)
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