International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia, Appeals Chamber
Case No. IT-96-21-A (2001)
In 1992, during conflict in the Balkans, Bosnian and Croat forces took over villages in Bosnia and Herzegovina, detaining prisoners in the village of Celebici, where the forces subjected them to torture and cruel treatment. In response to these mass atrocities, the United Nations Security Council created the first international criminal tribunal, the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY). In 1993, four members of the Bosnian and Croat forces involved in the abuses at Celebici (defendants) were brought to trial before the ICTY. The Trial Chamber determined that three out of the four defendants were guilty of various breaches of the Geneva Conventions for acts of killing, torture, and sexual abuse of the Celebici detainees. The Trial Chamber also made numerous findings, including that a Military Investigative Commission was established to review detentions, but that it did not meet the requirements of the Geneva Convention, and that the detained civilians did not possess weapons or participate in political activity. The Trial Chamber concluded that the confinement of civilians during armed conflict may be authorized in limited circumstances, but is unlawful if the detaining power is not in compliance with Article 42 of Geneva Convention IV. The four defendants, along with the prosecution, appealed the decision, as well as the conclusion that some of the civilians were illegally detained.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 97,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.
Here's why 221,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 14,100 briefs, keyed to 189 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.