United States Supreme Court
483 U.S. 219 (1987)
In 1981, Ronald Calder, an air traffic controller employed by the Federal Aviation Administration in San Juan, Puerto Rico, struck and killed one person and injured another with his vehicle. Calder was arraigned in a district court and charged with first-degree murder and attempted murder. At that time, Calder had been released on $5,000 bail. After Calder failed to appear at a subsequent hearing, his bail was increased to $50,000. Calder again failed to appear at another hearing and, at that time, he was declared to be a fugitive from justice and his bail was increased to $300,000. Puerto Rico officials believed Calder had returned to his family in Iowa and contacted authorities there. Calder subsequently surrendered to police in Polk County, Iowa. Subsequently, the Governor of Puerto Rico (plaintiff) submitted a request for Calder’s extradition to the Governor of Iowa (defendant). After negotiations took place between various members of both Puerto Rico and Iowa, the Iowa Governor denied the request to extradite Calder because the parties could not agree to reduce the charges against Calder. The Commonwealth of Puerto Rico (plaintiff) then filed a complaint in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Iowa against Branstad, the Governor of Iowa, seeking a declaration that failure to deliver Calder upon presentation of proper extradition paperwork violated the Extradition Clause and the Extradition Act, 18 U.S.C. § 3182 (the Act). The district court dismissed the complaint, citing the U.S. Supreme Court’s ruling in Kentucky v. Dennison, 16 L.Ed. 717 (1861). The court of appeals affirmed and the U.S. Supreme Court granted certiorari to review.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Marshall, J.)
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 97,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.
Here's why 239,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 14,200 briefs, keyed to 189 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.