Radio Officers' Union v. National Labor Relations Board

347 U.S. 17 (1954)

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Radio Officers’ Union v. National Labor Relations Board

United States Supreme Court
347 U.S. 17 (1954)

Facts

Three appeals were consolidated for the Supreme Court’s consideration. In all three cases, the employers were not motivated by antiunion animus yet had been found by the National Labor Relations Board (the board) to have committed an unfair labor practice. In Teamsters, the union ran a hiring hall, referring drivers to an employer based on a seniority list containing union and nonunion members. The union placed one union member at the bottom of the referral list because he was in arrears on his membership dues, and he lost assignments as a result. In Radio Officers, the employer filled radio-officer positions from a union list containing members in “good standing.” The employer denied employment to a union member because he was not considered by the union to be in good standing. Finally, in Gaynor, the employer had a collective-bargaining agreement with a newspaper union and, under that agreement, gave a retroactive wage increase to union members only. One nonunion employee was denied the wage increase even though he was covered by the agreement. The Supreme Court was called on to decide whether the employers had committed unfair labor practices despite a lack of specific proof of intent to encourage or discourage union membership.

Rule of Law

Issue

Holding and Reasoning (Reed, J.)

Concurrence (Frankfurter, J.)

Dissent (Black, J.)

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