Raich v. Gonzales

500 F.3d. 850 (2007)

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Raich v. Gonzales

United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit
500 F.3d. 850 (2007)

Facts

State and federal law enforcement raided the home of Diane Monson on August 15, 2002. Federal agents took possession of Monson’s marijuana plants, justifying their destruction of the plants by determining that Monson’s possession violated the federal Controlled Substances Act. Angel McClary Raich (plaintiff) required medical marijuana for managing at least 10 severe medical conditions. According to Raich’s doctor, all other treatment regimens caused unbearable side effects, such that nonuse could prove fatal for Raich. Raich, along with Monson and two marijuana growers (plaintiffs) moved for declaratory and injunctive relief against the imposition of the Controlled Substances Act. Monson later withdrew from the action. Raich faced no imminent prosecution for using medical marijuana. The district court denied Raich’s motion for a preliminary injunction, which the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit reversed. The United States Supreme Court vacated and remanded the opinion of the Ninth Circuit on Commerce Clause grounds. The Ninth Circuit thereafter determined whether the common-law doctrine of necessity provided grounds for an injunction against the possibility of prosecution for possessing medical marijuana.

Rule of Law

Issue

Holding and Reasoning (Pregerson, J.)

Concurrence/Dissent (Beam, J.)

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