Ralli v. Troop

157 U.S. 386, 15 S.Ct. 657, 39 L.Ed. 742, 2004 AMC 1484 (1895)

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Ralli v. Troop

United States Supreme Court
157 U.S. 386, 15 S.Ct. 657, 39 L.Ed. 742, 2004 AMC 1484 (1895)

Facts

The JW Parker caught fire when it was moored in the port of Calcutta, fully loaded with cargo. Crew members from neighboring vessels assisted in attempting to put out the fire, and the port authorities soon joined in the efforts. The port authorities eventually took command of the vessel, removed it from its moorings, and grounded it in order to keep fighting the fire. Some of the cargo was safely removed, and the master of the Parker thought it was possible to remove more, but the port authorities determined instead that the only way to extinguish the fire and prevent its spread was to scuttle the ship. After the ship was scuttled, the master was able to remove more cargo, although it was damaged. The Parker itself was unsalvageable. After the incident, the Parker’s owners (plaintiffs) brought suit against the owners of the cargo that was successfully saved for general-average contributions (the cargo owners) (defendants). The circuit court allowed the claim. The cargo owners appealed.

Rule of Law

Issue

Holding and Reasoning (Gray, J.)

Dissent (Brown, J.)

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