Ranchers Cattlemen Action Legal Fund United Stockgrowers of America v. United States Department of Agriculture

415 F.3d 1078 (2005)

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Ranchers Cattlemen Action Legal Fund United Stockgrowers of America v. United States Department of Agriculture

United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit
415 F.3d 1078 (2005)

Facts

In the 1980s, a disease known as mad cow disease spread rapidly and infected cattle in over 25 countries. To contain the spread of the disease, the United States Department of Agriculture (the USDA) (defendant) promulgated several regulations, including one that banned the importation of cattle and cattle products from countries where mad cow disease was confirmed. In 2003, a case of mad cow disease was confirmed in Canada, and thus it was added to the list of banned importations. However, the USDA soon began to relax its ban on Canadian importations of cattle and eventually issued a final rule that once again permitted the importation of Canadian cattle into the United States, despite more cases of mad cow disease being confirmed. The Ranchers Cattlemen Action Legal Fund United Stockgrowers of America (R-CALF) (plaintiff) filed suit against the USDA, seeking an injunction to prevent the rule from being implemented. The district court issued the requested preliminary injunction and barred the USDA from implementing the rule. In support of the injunction, the court found that the USDA’s rule was arbitrary and capricious in violation of the Administrative Procedure Act (APA). The USDA appealed.

Rule of Law

Issue

Holding and Reasoning (Tashima, J.)

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