Reading (plaintiff) was a sergeant in the Royal Army Medical Corps. (defendant), stationed in Cairo, Egypt. Reading decided to make money by escorting a truck loaded with cargo through the streets of Cairo and delivering them to a third party, Manole. Manole paid Reading handsomely for his efforts. Reading was in full uniform while he was transporting the cargo. When the army discovered that Reading had a great deal of money in his Egyptian bank accounts and in his apartment, it launched an investigation. When it was discovered how Reading had made the money, the army impounded the funds. The army kept the money on the ground that Reading violated his duty by using his status as a soldier to escort the trucks through Cairo for pay. Reading sued to get the money back, contending that it rightfully belonged to him.