Quimbee logo
DMCA.com Protection Status
From our private database of 16,300+ case briefs...

Renee v. Duncan

United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit
623 F.3d 787 (2010)


The No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) provides federal funding for certain low-income and minority public schools. As a condition to that funding, the schools could hire only highly qualified teachers. The NCLB defined highly qualified teachers as teachers that had, among other things, obtained full state certification as teachers, including certification obtained through alternative routes to certification. In 2002, the secretary of education, Arne Duncan (defendant), issued a regulation that further defined highly qualified. Under the new regulation, teachers who were participating in an alternative route to certification and demonstrated satisfactory progress toward full certification could meet the definition of highly qualified. Alternative routes to certification generally meant programs geared toward people who already had bachelor’s degrees in a field other than education. These programs either waived or shortened the formal coursework typically required to obtain certification. Sonya Renee (plaintiff) and others sued Secretary Duncan, alleging that the regulation did not comply with the NCLB. Renee asserted that the result of the regulation would be California using more intern teachers in minority and low-income schools in California. The district court granted summary judgment to Secretary Duncan, and Renee appealed to the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit.

Rule of Law


Holding and Reasoning (Fletcher, J.)

Dissent (Tallman, J.)

What to do next…

  1. Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.

    You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 97,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.

  2. Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.

    Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.

Here's why 367,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:

  • Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 16,300 briefs, keyed to 223 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
  • The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
  • Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
  • Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.

Questions & Answers

Have a question about this case? Sign up for a FREE 7-day trial to ask it.