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Republic of Ireland v. United Kingdom

European Court of Human Rights
2 Eur. Ct. H.R. (ser. A) at 25 (1978)


Facts

British forces, while battling terrorism in Ireland during the 1970s, employed various interrogation techniques that violated international human-rights laws. These techniques included forcing detainees to remain in stress positions with their heads covered in bags to block out light for extended periods of time, sleep and food deprivation, and constant loud noises. The United Kingdom (UK) (defendant) itself recognized the error in its practices and worked to eliminate these techniques. Though the UK took steps to reverse its use of the questionable methods, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) decided to address the issue, evaluating the legality of the interrogation measures under Article 3 of the European Convention on Human Rights (Convention), which forbids the use of torture and inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.

Rule of Law

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Issue

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Holding and Reasoning

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  • A “yes” or “no” answer to the question framed in the issue section;
  • A summary of the majority or plurality opinion, using the CREAC method; and
  • The procedural disposition (e.g. reversed and remanded, affirmed, etc.).

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