Quimbee logo
DMCA.com Protection Status
From our private database of 18,800+ case briefs...

Responsibilities and Obligations of States with Respect to Activities in the Area

Seabed Disputes Chamber of the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea
2011 I.T.L.D.S Reports 10


Any natural resources located in the international seabed (Area) constitute the property of all nations and are governed by the International Seabed Authority (Authority) (plaintiff). If a private company wishes to mine or explore the Area, the company must first be sponsored by a nation. The Authority implemented regulations (Regulations) requiring all sponsoring nations to apply the precautionary approach to ensure that the environment would be protected from any harm resulting from mining or exploration activities in the Area. The Regulations also incorporated a standard clause to be included in mining and exploration contracts, mandating a private contractor to employ reasonable and appropriate protective measures that would reduce and prevent environmental harm while the contractor carried out its activities. In 2008, the Republic of Nauru and the Kingdom of Tonga sponsored private companies to explore the Area. Upon Nauru’s request, the Authority asked the Seabed Disputes Chamber of the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea to issue an advisory opinion clarifying sponsoring nations’ obligations under the Regulations.

Rule of Law


Holding and Reasoning

What to do next…

  1. Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.

    You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 498,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.

  2. Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.

    Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.

Here's why 498,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:

  • Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 18,800 briefs, keyed to 985 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
  • The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
  • Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
  • Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.

Questions & Answers

Have a question about this case?

Sign up for a free 7-day trial and ask it

Sign up for a FREE 7-day trial