Logourl black
From our private database of 14,100+ case briefs...

Rice v. Cayetano

United States Supreme Court
528 U.S. 495 (2000)


Facts

The State of Hawaii (defendant) created a state agency known as the Office of Hawaiian Affairs (OHA) to administer lands and benefits designated for native Hawaiians. Hawaiians were defined as those individuals who were the descendants of people inhabiting the Hawaiian Islands in 1778. A board of nine trustees governed the OHA and were chosen in statewide elections. Under the Hawaii Constitution, only citizens of Hawaii who were considered Hawaiians were permitted to vote for the OHA’s trustees. Mr. Rice (plaintiff) was a citizen of Hawaii who was not of Hawaiian ancestry. Rice sued the state because the Hawaiian Constitution barred him from voting in the election for the OHA trustees. Rice argued that this restriction violated the Fifteenth Amendment of the United States Constitution. The state argued that the special treatment provided to Hawaiians under this provision was similar to the special treatment afforded to Indian tribes by Congress and should thus be permitted. The district court granted summary judgment to the state, and the court of appeals affirmed. The United States Supreme Court granted certiorari.

Rule of Law

The rule of law is the black letter law upon which the court rested its decision.

To access this section, please start your free trial or log in.

Issue

The issue section includes the dispositive legal issue in the case phrased as a question.

To access this section, please start your free trial or log in.

Holding and Reasoning (Kennedy, J.)

The holding and reasoning section includes:

  • A "yes" or "no" answer to the question framed in the issue section;
  • A summary of the majority or plurality opinion, using the CREAC method; and
  • The procedural disposition (e.g. reversed and remanded, affirmed, etc.).

To access this section, please start your free trial or log in.

Concurrence (Breyer, J.)

The concurrence section is for members only and includes a summary of the concurring judge or justice’s opinion.

To access this section, please start your free trial or log in.

Dissent (Stevens, J.)

The dissent section is for members only and includes a summary of the dissenting judge or justice’s opinion.

To access this section, please start your free trial or log in.

What to do next…

  1. Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.

    You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 97,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.

  2. Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.

    Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.

Here's why 218,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:

  • Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 14,100 briefs, keyed to 189 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
  • The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
  • Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
  • Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.