From our private database of 14,100+ case briefs...
River Runners for Wilderness v. Martin
United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit
593 F.3d 1064 (2010)
In 2006, the National Park Service (NPS) (defendant) adopted a management plan (plan) for the Grand Canyon National Park. The plan authorized motorized-raft use in the park’s Colorado River Corridor (corridor), based on an NPS finding that commercial motorized-raft services were necessary and appropriate to assist park visitors. The plan also decreased commercial-user days to 115,500, increased non-commercial-user days to 113,486, and created a lottery system that favored private boaters without a permit. A coalition of organizations that included the River Runners for Wilderness (plaintiffs) sued the NPS, claiming that the plan was arbitrary and capricious under the Administrative Procedure Act (APA) because it violated the NPS’s 2001 management policies (policies), the National Park Service Concessions Management and Improvement Act (CMIA), and the National Park Service Organic Act (NPSOA). The district court granted summary judgment for the defendants. The plaintiffs appealed, arguing that the NPS had designated the park as potential wilderness, that the policies contained language requiring the maintenance of the park’s wilderness character, and that the plan was inconsistent with earlier NPS decisions to eliminate motorized boating in the corridor. Regarding the CMIA, the plaintiffs argued that the NPS had failed to determine that commercial motorized-raft services were necessary and appropriate for public use. Regarding the NPSOA, the plaintiffs argued that the plan limited public access to the corridor by favoring commercial users over non-commercial users, and that the NPS had improperly found that motorized rafts, when considered cumulatively with other types of noise, did not impair the park’s natural soundscape.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Per curiam)
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 97,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.
Here's why 218,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 14,100 briefs, keyed to 189 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.