Logourl black

Roberts v. United States Jaycees

United States Supreme Court
468 U.S. 609 (1984)


The United States Jaycees (USJ) (plaintiff), a social organization, only permitted young males to become regular members. Women and older men could become associate members with limited benefits. Contrary to this rule, however, two local chapters of the organization admitted women as full regular members. The USJ revoked their organizational charters. In response, leaders of the local chapters alleged that the organization’s policy of excluding women violated the Minnesota Human Rights Act (MHRA), which prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex in a “place of public accommodation.” USJ brought suit in federal court against Katherine Roberts, the state official charged with enforcing the MHRA, on the grounds that the MHRA violated USJ’s right of free association under the First Amendment. The United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit held that the MHRA violated the First and Fourteenth Amendments, and Roberts appealed to the United States Supreme Court.

Rule of Law

The rule of law is the black letter law upon which the court rested its decision. To access this section, start your 7-day free trial of Quimbee for Law Students.


The issue section includes the dispositive legal issue in the case phrased as a question. To access this section, start your 7-day free trial of Quimbee for Law Students.

Holding and Reasoning (Brennan, J.)

The holding and reasoning section includes:

  • A “yes” or “no” answer to the question framed in the issue section;
  • A summary of the majority or plurality opinion, using the CREAC method; and
  • The procedural disposition (e.g. reversed and remanded, affirmed, etc.).

To access this section, start your 7-day free trial of Quimbee for Law Students.

Here's why 91,000 law students rely on our case briefs:

  • Reliable - written by law professors and practitioners not other law students.
  • The right length and amount of information - includes the facts, issue, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
  • Access in your class - works on your mobile and tablet.
  • 12,498 briefs - keyed to 168 casebooks.
  • Uniform format for every case brief.
  • Written in plain English - not in legalese and not just repeating the court's language.
  • Massive library of related video lessons - and practice questions.
  • Ability to tag case briefs in an outlining tool.
  • Top-notch customer support.
Start Your Free Trial Now