Roell v. Withrow
United States Supreme Court
538 U.S. 580 (2003)
Withrow (plaintiff) filed a civil rights suit against Roell and others (defendants). During a preliminary hearing before a magistrate judge, Withrow agreed to have the magistrate judge hear the case. The district court then referred the case to the magistrate judge although Roell had never consented to her jurisdiction. The clerk had sent a summons to Roell, which included a request for consent to allow the case to be heard by the magistrate judge. Roell’s response to the summons did not include an answer to the request for consent. However, Roell voluntarily submitted to the magistrate judge’s jurisdiction and did not object when the magistrate judge represented that she believed Roell had consented. At trial, the magistrate judge entered a verdict for Roell. Withrow appealed and the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit sua sponte remanded the case to the district court for a determination on whether Roell had consented to the magistrate judge’s jurisdiction. The district court referred the remand to the magistrate judge who ruled that although Roell had indicated consent by his actions, consent could not be implied by the conduct of the parties. Accordingly, the magistrate judge determined that her original ruling was invalid. The United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit affirmed. The United States Supreme Court granted certiorari.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Souter, J.)
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 97,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.
Here's why 153,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 13,400 briefs, keyed to 183 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.