United States Supreme Court
541 U.S. 600 (2004)
Congress enacted 18 U.S.C. §666(a)(2) to provide federal criminal penalties for the giving and receiving of bribes for the benefit of state, local, and tribal officials of entities that receive at least $10,000 in federal funds. Sabri (defendant), a real estate developer, bribed a Minneapolis city official on three separate occasions in an effort to obtain permission to circumvent local licensing and zoning laws. The city official headed a Minneapolis public community development organization, which received approximately $23 million annually in federal funds. The United States government (plaintiff) prosecuted Sabri in district court under 18 U.S.C. §666(a)(2) but Sabri moved to dismiss the indictment. Sabri argued that the statute was unconstitutional because it did not require proof of a connection between the federal funds and the alleged bribe in establishing criminal liability. The district court held for Sabri and dismissed the indictment, but the court of appeals reversed. The United States Supreme Court granted certiorari.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Souter, J.)
Concurrence (Thomas, J.)
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 97,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.
Here's why 202,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 14,000 briefs, keyed to 188 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.