Sacramento City Unified School District v. Rachel H.
United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit
14 F.3d 1398 (1994)
Rachel Holland (plaintiff) was a student in the Sacramento Unified School District (the district) (defendant). Holland was mentally handicapped with an intelligence quotient (IQ) of 44 as an 11-year-old. Holland attended a variety of special-education programs in the district from 1985 to 1989. Holland’s parents then requested that Holland be placed full-time into a regular classroom for her kindergarten year. The district rejected this request and offered a placement that divided her educational time between a special-education classroom and a regular-education classroom. This proposal would have required Holland to be moved six times each day between the two classrooms. Holland’s parents appealed this decision and enrolled Holland in a private school. In the private school, Holland was placed into a regular-education classroom, where she performed well and did not cause a disruption or require significant amounts of the teacher’s attention. The initial appeal of the placement was heard by a state hearing officer under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). The hearing officer determined that the district should have placed Holland in a regular-education classroom full-time. The district appealed to district court, which affirmed. The district court gave significant weight to the testimony of Holland’s private school teacher, who said that Holland was making progress toward her individualized-education plan (IEP) goals in her regular-education classroom. The district then appealed to the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Sneed, J.)
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 726,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Berkeley, and Northwestern—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students.Unlock this case briefRead our student testimonials
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students.Learn about our approachRead more about Quimbee
Here's why 726,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 45,700 briefs, keyed to 983 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.