Logourl black
From our private database of 14,100+ case briefs...

Santiago v. Phoenix Newspapers, Inc.

Arizona Supreme Court
794 P.2d 138 (1990)


William Santiago (plaintiff) was seriously injured when a vehicle driven by Frank Frausto (defendant) collided with his motorcycle. At the time of the incident, Frausto was delivering the Sunday edition of the Arizona Republic newspaper as an independent contractor for Phoenix Newspapers, Inc. (PNI) (defendant). Santiago filed a negligence suit against Frausto and PNI alleging the newspaper company was vicariously liable for Frausto’s actions. Frausto and PNI moved for summary judgment on the vicarious liability claim. The trial court concluded, based on the agreement signed between Frausto and PNI, that Frausto was an independent contractor and granted summary judgment. In making its ruling, the trial court carefully considered the affidavit of Frausto who stated that, despite the contractual agreement stating that he was not a PNI employee, he considered himself to be one and delivered the papers as directed by a supervisor, including placing the paper in a particular spot if requested by a customer. Santiago appealed. The court of appeals affirmed the judgment of the trial court. The Arizona Supreme Court granted certiorari to review.

Rule of Law

The rule of law is the black letter law upon which the court rested its decision.

To access this section, please start your free trial or log in.


The issue section includes the dispositive legal issue in the case phrased as a question.

To access this section, please start your free trial or log in.

Holding and Reasoning (Grant, C.J.)

The holding and reasoning section includes:

  • A "yes" or "no" answer to the question framed in the issue section;
  • A summary of the majority or plurality opinion, using the CREAC method; and
  • The procedural disposition (e.g. reversed and remanded, affirmed, etc.).

To access this section, please start your free trial or log in.

What to do next…

  1. Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.

    You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 97,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.

  2. Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.

    Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.

Here's why 217,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:

  • Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 14,100 briefs, keyed to 189 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
  • The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
  • Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
  • Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.