Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC) (plaintiff) entered into a contract with the State of California Department of General Services Office of Procurement (defendant) to develop a computer-aided dispatch system for the highway patrol. The state terminated the contract, and SAIC sued. The state counter-claimed and prevailed at trial. The jury determined SAIC breached the contract and awarded over $1 million in damages to the state. The trial court also awarded the state attorney fees and over $700,000 in litigation expenses. The Court of Appeal partially affirmed and reversed the attorney-fee award. The case was remanded to reconsider the amount of litigation expenses. The Court of Appeal suggested that most, if not all, expenses would be disallowed as ordinary costs. On remand, the trial court removed expert-witness fees from the litigation expenses but again assessed the remaining items, totaling $464,908 in litigation costs against SAIC. SAIC then petitioned the Court of Appeal for a writ of mandate.