Quimbee logo
DMCA.com Protection Status

Secretary of the Department of the Interior v. California

464 U.S. 312 (1984)

Case BriefRelatedOptions
From our private database of 28,700+ case briefs...

Secretary of the Department of the Interior v. California

United States Supreme Court

464 U.S. 312 (1984)

Facts

The United States Department of the Interior (Interior) (defendant) began preparing a sale of outer continental shelf (OCS) leases (Lease Sale 53) in 1977. After Interior sought input from several state and federal agencies, it requested that any interested parties identify exactly which of the 2,036 potential tracts in the subject area should be offered for lease. Interior selected 243 tracts. The California Coastal Commission (CCC) had authority over the coastal zone (the area three miles seaward from the coastline). The CCC determined that Lease Sale 53 directly affected the California coastal zone. The CCC informed Interior of its determination and demanded a consistency determination as required by § 307(c)(1) of the Coastal Zone Management Act (CZMA) for activities directly affecting coastal zones. Interior refuted the CCC’s determination that the lease sales directly affected the coastal zone, but it removed 128 of the selected tracts. Later, the CCC asserted that 31 more tracts should be removed from the lease sale due to proximity to the range of the sea otter. Interior rejected the CCC’s demands and issued a final notice of sale for the remaining 115 tracts. The State of California (plaintiff) filed two suits in federal district court. California sought to enjoin the sale of 29 tracts located within 12 miles of the sea-otter range based on a violation of § 307(c)(1), arguing that the leasing would lead to oil-and-gas development, which would directly affect the coastal zone. California moved for summary judgment, which the district court granted on the state’s CZMA claim. Interior appealed. The court of appeals affirmed the district court’s judgment that required a consistency determination prior to sale. The United States Supreme Court granted certiorari.

Rule of Law

Issue

Holding and Reasoning (O’Connor, J.)

Dissent (Stevens, J.)

What to do next…

  1. Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.

    You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 546,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Berkeley, and Northwestern—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students.

    Unlock this case briefRead our student testimonials
  2. Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.

    Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students.

    Learn about our approachRead more about Quimbee

Here's why 546,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:

  • Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 28,700 briefs, keyed to 984 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
  • The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
  • Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
  • Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.

Access this case brief for FREE

With a 7-day free trial membership
Here's why 546,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
  • Reliable - written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students
  • The right length and amount of information - includes the facts, issue, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents
  • Access in your class - works on your mobile and tablet
  • 28,700 briefs - keyed to 984 casebooks
  • Uniform format for every case brief
  • Written in plain English - not in legalese and not just repeating the court's language
  • Massive library of related video lessons - and practice questions
  • Top-notch customer support

Access this case brief for FREE

With a 7-day free trial membership