Quimbee logo
DMCA.com Protection Status
From our private database of 18,800+ case briefs...

Sierra Club v. Marita

United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit
46 F.3d 606 (1995)


The United States Forest Service (USFS) (defendant) developed forest-management plans for the Nicolet and Chequamegon National Forests in Wisconsin. The Sierra Club (Sierra) (plaintiff) suggested that the plans should incorporate conservation-biology science, which involved the preservation of large habitats to maintain biological diversity. The USFS divided the forest into a patchwork of habitats without incorporating Sierra’s suggestions. Instead of using conservation biology to measure diversity, the USFS used management indicator species (MIS) and population-viability analyses, which emphasized the number of species over the relationships between species. The USFS justified its rejection of conservation biology on the basis that the science was untested in Wisconsin forests. After the USFS issued final environmental impact statements and records of decision, Sierra sued the USFS in district court. The district court granted summary judgment for the USFS. Sierra appealed, claiming that the USFS’s failure to use conservation biology violated the National Forest Management Act (NFMA), 16 U.S.C. §§ 1601-04. Specifically, Sierra claimed that (1) the NFMA required an ecological approach to forest management involving conservation biology; (2) the MIS and population-viability analyses did not adequately measure ecological diversity; (3) the NFMA’s diversity regulations, including 36 C.F.R. § 219.27(g), required the USFS to maintain at least some old-growth forest communities; and (4) the USFS’s justification for rejecting conservation biology was improper, because conservation biology was well accepted and respected.

Rule of Law


Holding and Reasoning (Flaum, J.)

What to do next…

  1. Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.

    You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 498,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.

  2. Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.

    Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.

Here's why 498,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:

  • Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 18,800 briefs, keyed to 985 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
  • The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
  • Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
  • Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.

Questions & Answers

Have a question about this case?

Sign up for a free 7-day trial and ask it

Sign up for a FREE 7-day trial