Quimbee logo with url
From our private database of 14,900+ case briefs...

Sindle v. New York City Transit Authority

Court of Appeals of New York
352 N.Y.S.2d 183 (1973)


Facts

James Sindle (plaintiff), a 14-year-old student, was a passenger on a school bus on the last day of school. The bus was owned by the New York City Transit Authority (defendant) (Transit Authority) and driven by an employee of the Transit Authority, Mooney (defendant). There were 65 to 70 students on the bus. The students were loud and noisy, and they broke lights, windows and ceiling panels on the bus. Sindle did not participate in the destruction of the bus. Mooney made several stops and admonished the students about their behavior. After one stop, Mooney went to the back of the bus and inspected the damage and told the students he was taking them to the police station. Mooney drove in the direction of the police station, bypassing other stops along the way. Some students began jumping out of the rear side window of the bus. Sindle also attempted to jump out of the rear window, but as the bus made a right turn, Sindle fell out of the window. The rear wheels of the bus then rolled over Sindle's midsection, causing him serious injuries. Sindle and his father brought an action against the Transit Authority and Mooney for false imprisonment. At trial, upon the close of Sindle’s evidence, the Transit Authority and Mooney made a motion to amend their answer to plead the defense of justification. The trial court denied the motion and excluded all evidence related to the justification defense. The trial court entered judgment in Sindle's favor for bodily injuries, mental anguish, loss of services, and medical expenses. The appellate court affirmed. The Transit Authority and Mooney appealed to the New York Court of Appeals.

Rule of Law

Issue

Holding and Reasoning (Jasen, J.)

What to do next…

  1. Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.

    You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 97,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.

  2. Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.

    Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.

Here's why 284,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:

  • Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 14,900 briefs, keyed to 201 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
  • The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
  • Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
  • Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.