Quimbee logo
DMCA.com Protection Status
From our private database of 16,500+ case briefs...

Slack v. Havens

United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit
522 F.2d 1091 (9th Cir. 1975)


Berrel Matthews, Emily Hampton, Isabell Slack, and Kathleen Hale (plaintiffs), four black women, worked in a department of Havens (Havens) (defendant) industrial plant, along with a white, female co-worker. On January 31, 1968, the plaintiffs' immediate supervisor informed them that they would be suspending their normal work in order to perform heavy cleanup in their department. The plaintiffs’ white co-worker was excused from the cleanup duties, despite having less seniority than three of the plaintiffs. The plaintiffs protested that the cleanup was outside their job description and asked why their white co-worker had been excused. Nevertheless, the following day the supervisor instructed the plaintiffs to perform the work "or else." The supervisor also made multiple derogatory remarks about "colored people." After further discussion, the plaintiffs were fired by a more senior supervisor. The plaintiffs filed a lawsuit under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (Title VII), 42 U.S.C. §2000e-2(a)(1)), alleging they were unlawfully fired on the basis of their race. Havens claimed the dispute was merely a disagreement over the plaintiffs' job assignments. The plaintiffs prevailed in district court. Havens appealed.

Rule of Law


Holding and Reasoning (Thompson, J.)

What to do next…

  1. Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.

    You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 97,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.

  2. Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.

    Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.

Here's why 410,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:

  • Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 16,500 briefs, keyed to 223 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
  • The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
  • Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
  • Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.

Questions & Answers

Have a question about this case?

Sign up for a free 7-day trial and ask it

Sign up for a FREE 7-day trial